CalculiX & Mfront


@xyont Try the updated version, I modified the example to allow to enter your own values (this 3.3 version is portable - I think).

@Brick StandardElasticity{young_modulus : 150e9, poisson_ratio : 0.3};

@StateVariable strain p[2];

@Parameter d    = 150e6;
@Parameter beta = 0.6;
@Parameter pa   = -10e6;
@Parameter pb   = -75e6;


@MaterialProperty stress E;
@MaterialProperty real nu1;

@Brick StandardElasticity{young_modulus : "E", poisson_ratio : "nu1"};

@StateVariable strain p[2];

@MaterialProperty real d;
@MaterialProperty real beta;
@MaterialProperty real pa;
@MaterialProperty real pb;

Continuing the discussion from CalculiX and PaStiX solver Windows version:

1 Like

thanks a lot @rafal.brzegowy for all efforts.

currently i being study the parameters input for Drucker Prager Cap models. most of all these values can be derived from Modified Mohr Colomb paramaters, except in ratio of elliptical cap ( R ) to get pb values.

i try seeking any literature, but did not found a theoretical background and used consistent values. some researcher use 0.2 and 0.6 others, is there any guidance for these values in correlation with concrete compressive strength?

I add TFEL/Mfront directly to msys2/mingw64:

This version can build material library for: CalculiX, Abaqus, Ansys, Code-Aster, LS-DYNA, Comsol, Europlexus, Cyrano, Diana-FEA, Zmat

to install:
pacman -S mingw-w64-x86_64-tfel

and I add spooles (with CalculiX patch):

to install:
pacman -S mingw-w64-x86_64-spooles

Try to write a post on Mfront forum:


even i’m not really confident to enter in advanced damage material forums, still i try and do stepped learning curves.

i have a great news from Thomas H. the authors of TFEL/MFront, some newest and updates of Mazars material models has been implemented. it’s called UnilateralMazars.mfront and stored at his GitHub, may it possible to add to the list for next release of CalculiX/MFront interfaces? thank you much.


Try this:


** The material properties are given as if we used parameters to explicitly
** display their names. Users shall replace those declaration by
** theirs values
*User Material, constants=9
<YoungModulus>, <PoissonRatio>, <At>, <Bt>, <Ac>, <Bc>, <st_max>, <sc_max>, 

UnilateralMazars.mfront form tfel-master\mfront\tests\behaviours

@DSL       Default;
@Behaviour UnilateralMazars;
@Author    François Hamon;
@Date      26/05/2015;
  "An unilateral version of the Mazars model"
  "based on the following paper:"

  "A new 3D damage model for concrete"
  "under monotonic, cyclic and dynamic"
  "Jacky Mazars, François Hamon and Stéphane Grange"

  "Materials and Structures ISSN 1359-5997"
  "DOI 10.1617/s11527-014-0439-8"

@MaterialProperty stress young;
@MaterialProperty real nu;

@MaterialProperty real At;
@MaterialProperty real Bt;
@MaterialProperty real Ac;
@MaterialProperty real Bc;
@MaterialProperty real st_max;
@MaterialProperty real sc_max;
@MaterialProperty real k;
@StateVariable real Yt;
@StateVariable real Yc;
@StateVariable real d;
@StateVariable real Yt0;
@StateVariable real Yc0;
@StateVariable real Tmax;

  constexpr const real dmax = 0.99999;
  const stress        lambda = computeLambda(young,nu);
  const stress        mu     = computeMu(young,nu);  
  const StrainStensor e      = eto+deto;
  const strain tr = trace(e);
  strain e1,e2,e3;
  const real limint=st_max/young;
  const real liminc=abs(sc_max/young);
  // eigen values of s0
  const stress s1   = 2*mu*e1+lambda*tr;
  const stress s2   = 2*mu*e2+lambda*tr;
  const stress s3   = 2*mu*e3+lambda*tr;
  const stress sn   = max(abs(s1),max(abs(s2),abs(s3)));
  const stress pps1 = max(stress(0),s1);
  const stress pps2 = max(stress(0),s2);
  const stress pps3 = max(stress(0),s3);
  const stress r    = (sn>1.e-6*young) ?
    min(max((pps1+pps2+pps3)/(abs(s1)+abs(s2)+abs(s3)),real(0)),real(1)) : 0;
  real EPTM= (Yt0>limint) ? Yt0 : limint;
  real EPCM= (Yc0>liminc) ? Yc0 : liminc;
  const strain Inv1 = e1+e2+e3;
  const auto   Inv2 = ((e1-e2)*(e1-e2)+(e2-e3)*(e2-e3)+(e3-e1)*(e3-e1))/2;
  const real   ept  = Inv1/(2*(1-2*nu))+sqrt(Inv2)/(2*(1+nu));
  const real   epc  = (6*sqrt(Inv2)/(1+nu)+Inv1/(1-2*nu))/5;
  if ((ept>EPTM)&&(r>0)&&(d<dmax)){
  Yt = max(Yt,EPTM);
  if ((epc>EPCM)&&(r<1)&&(d<dmax)){
  Yc =max(Yc,EPCM);
  real A=At*(2*r*r*(1-2*k)-r*(1-4*k))+Ac*(2*r*r-3*r+1);
  real B=pow(r,r*r-2*r+2)*Bt+(1-pow(r,r*r-2*r+2))*Bc;
  const real Y0 =r*limint+(1.0-r)*liminc;
  const real Y =r*EPTM+(1.0-r)*EPCM;
  const real dmu= (Y<Y0) ? 0 : 1-(1-A)*Y0/(Y)-A*exp(-B*((Y)-Y0));
  // stresses at the end
  sig = (1-d)*(lambda*trace(e)*Stensor::Id()+2*mu*e);
  // auxiliary task
    StiffnessTensor Hooke;
    } else if(smt==SECANTOPERATOR){
      Dt = (1-d)*Hooke ;
1 Like

thank you so much @rafal.brzegowy, your contributions & efforts in MFront interfaces has made CalculiX material libraries become so rich.

hi @rafal.brzegowy
trying took some test for DruckerPragerCap material models, it was not able to runs. reporting an error messages:

*ERROR: invalid material name '@CALCULIXBEHAVIOUR_DRUCKERPRAGERCAP' (unable to load function)

any hints about these problems? thank you

edited: also these error occurs in Unilateral Mazars material models.

It works on my computer, so it may be a problem that this version is not fully portable.
I have no way to check, I only have access to computers with the same processor architecture: Intel Haswell.
I use portable build flags but maybe some is missing (

For compilation Mfront:

and for material library:
mfront --obuild=level0

If the location of the Mfront library is not indicated then this error occurs (unable to load library).

  1. You can add to cmdStartup.bat (for example):
    set PATH=%CALCULIX_ROOT%\CalculiX\MFront;
  2. Or simply copy all .dll file to folder where is ccx.exe

may the processor compatibility since i’m using AMD. the path is already defined correctly, as seen DruckerPrager and Mazars seems work well. unfortunately the last two i interest did not.

hope, the problem will be found and fixed someday.

Good afternoon CCX-Community:

Do you have any available compiled(ready-to-use) version of CCX+MFRONT?
I would like to try mazars material.

Thank you


The version available on the official website supports mfront (windows version;, you only need to have mfront libraries and reference in the .inp file (like): Using MFront Mazars Material Model

Good mornign Rafal:
Thank you very much fro your help. I’m going to try it out.


Good morning Rafal:

I was able to run cxx+mfront according to your directions but the frd file has no results included. I will go ahead again and check output paramenters. Thank you very much.


Good morning Rafal:

I successfully linked CCX+MFRONT on MECWAY. And I added extra ccx-cards to handle MFRONT materials inside the GUI.
I found out that if you want to use the same material, for example MAZARS, several times in the .inp file, you must add the new name as a suffix this way(:

But I still do not get results.


Have you got SDV?


1 Like

Good afternoon RAFAL:

I carry out the calculation adding your card (thank you) and CCX gives me SDV parameters with values included but I still do not get displacements neither stresses.


Have you got (unfortunately I have to ask about it)?:



Yes, never mind.





I still do not get displacements, what a pitty.
I think I am using a wrong unit system. I use MECWAY as GUI and all the internal parameters must be in N,m,kg,ºK.

I found an useful Mazar material definition excel spreadsheet on Code_aster forum that plots the stress/strain curve.
I have a couple of questions for you:

  • Does Mazar material definition on MFRONT use any unit system or it is agnostic?
  • Do you know if my next assumption on units is right?
    • Pressure.
    • unit less.
    • unit less.
    • unit less.
    • unit less.
    • unit less.
    • <st_max> tensile (pressure).
    • <sc_max>, pressure.
    • unit less.

Thank you